Social Science in Psychiatry
Head: apl. Prof. Dr. rer. soc. Anne Maria Möller-Leimkühler
The Department of Neurophysiology and functional Neuroimaging addresses to investigate neurobiological basis and neurophysiological correlates of human behavior and mental illnesses.
„Social Science in Psychiatry“ has included several research topics over the last years such as stigmatization, caregiver burden, gender and mental health. Currently the focus lies on men´s mental health with special respect to violence and terrorism, aging and retirement as well as gender differences in the clinical presentation of unipolar depression.
To date there is evidence that men report less prototypical depression symptoms compared to women, while externalizing behavioral patterns may dominate the symptom profile, e.g. aggressiveness, addictive behavior, forms of hyperactivity. These patterns are associated to norms of traditional masculinity - and may lead to false diagnoses. Due to an implicit gender bias these patterns are not assessed by common depression screenings/inventories, which may contribute to an underdiagnosis of depression in men.
As a consequence, we have developed a Gender Sensitive Depression Screening (GSDS) also considering externalizing behavior. The aim is to better identify depression in men. The GSDS has been validated in several large non-clinical samples. Results indicate that a significantly higher rate of risk cases could be found in men. Additional publications on the GSDS are currently in preparation, with respect to further validation and clinical application.
Further validation of the GSDS
- A book on the psychosocial situation and mental health of elderly men is in preparation
Selected publications on`men and depression`
- Möller-Leimkühler AM, Heller J, Paulus N-C: Subjective well-being and ´male depression´ in male adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2007, 98 (1-2): 65-72
- Möller-Leimkühler AM, Yücel M: Male depression in females? J Affect Disord. 2010, 121 (1-2) 22-29.
- Rice SM, Fallon BJ, Aucote H, Möller-Leimkühler AM. Development and preliminary validation of the Male Depression Risk Scale: Furthering the assessment of depression in men. Journal of Affective Disorders 2013,151 (3): 950-8.
- Rice SM, Aucote HM, Eleftheriadis D, Möller-Leimkühler AM. Prevalence and co-occurence of internalizing and externalizing depression symptoms in a community sample of Australian male truck drivers. American Journal of Men´s Health 2018 Jan; 12(1): 74–77
- Möller-Leimkühler AM. Vom Dauerstress zur Depression. Wie Männer mit psychischen Belastungen umgehen und sie besser bewältigen können. Fischer & Gann 2016
- Möller-Leimkühler AM, Mühleck J. Development and Preliminary Validation of a Gender-Sensitive Depression Screening (GSDS). Psychiatr Prax 2020; 47(02): 79-86
- Cárdenas- Morales L, Ruppel E, Streb J, Möller-Leimkühler AM, Büsselmann M, Franke I, Dudeck M. Gender-specific differences in depressive behavior among psychiatric forensic patients. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice (in press)
Selected publications on `violence and terrorism`
- Bogerts B, Möller-Leimkühler AM. Neurobiological and psychosocial causes of individual male violence. Der Nervenarzt 2013, 84 (11):1329-44
- Möller-Leimkühler AM, Bogerts B. Collective violence. Neurobiological, psychosocial and sociological conditions. Nervenarzt 2013, 84 (11):1345-58.
- Möller-Leimkühler AM. Why is terrorism a man´s business? CNS Spectr 2018; 23: 119-128. IF 3.504
- Seidenbecher S, Steinmetz C, Möller-Leimkühler AM, Bogerts B. Terrorismus aus psychiatrischer Sicht. Der Nervenarzt 2020; 91: 422–432
Dr. med. Johanna Mühleck
- Dr. med. Anja Jackl, ZÄ
Prof. Dr. Manuela Dudeck, University of Ulm, Germany
- Prof. Dr. Matthias Franz, Heinrich-Heine-University of Düsseldorf, Germany
- Prof. Dr. Jan Chodkiewicz PhD, University of Lodz, Poland
- Dr. Simon Rice, University of Melbourne, Australia
- Prof. Dr. Bernhard Bogerts, Center of Behavioral Brain Sciences (CBBS), Magdeburg, Germany
- Prof. Dr. Johannes Siegrist, Senior Professorship "Work Stress Research", Heinrich-Heine-University of Düsseldorf, Germany
- Foundation of Men´s Health, Berlin, Germany